Trust Jack Foundation

                                            putting mental heath first


We aim to raise awareness of mental health issues to young people and parents and to raise funds to support young people in their recovery


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What is  OCD

What is OCD?

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is described as an anxiety disorder. The condition has two main parts: obsessions and compulsions. An obsession is an unwanted or unpleasant thought, image or urge that repeatedly enters your mind, causing feelings of anxiety, disgust or unease. These obsessions are often frightening or seem so horrible that you can't share them with others

A compulsion is a repetitive behaviour or an act that you feel you need to carry out. The aim of a compulsion is to try and deal with the distress caused by the obsessive thoughts and relieve the anxiety you are feeling. However, the process of repeating these compulsions is often distressing and any relief you feel is often short-lived.

What Causes OCD?

There has been a range of theories and a considerable amount of research been carried out but so far scientists have not been able to identify the exact cause of OCD.

However, it is believed that OCD is most likely to be a result of a combination of factors including neurobiological, genetic, behavioural, cognitive, or environmental that can trigger OCD.

The Symptoms

Most people with OCD have both obsessions and compulsions however some people may just experience just one or the other. OCD affects people differently, but usually causes a particular pattern of thought and behaviour.

Obsessive thoughts

Almost everyone has unpleasant or unwanted thoughts at some point in their life, such as a concern that they may have forgotten to lock the door of the house or that they have left the iron on. Most people are able to put these types of thoughts and concerns into context, and they can carry on with their day-to-day life. They do not repeatedly think about worries they know have little substance.

However, if you have a persistent, unwanted and unpleasant thought that dominates your thinking to the extent it interrupts other thoughts; you may have developed an obsession.

Other common thoughts in OCD include:

Compulsive Behaviours

Compulsions arise as a way of trying to reduce or prevent the harm of the obsessive thought. However, this behaviour is either excessive or not realistically connected at all.

For example, a person who fears becoming contaminated with dirt and germs may wash their hands repeatedly throughout the day, or someone with a fear of causing harm to their family may have the urge to repeat an action multiple times to try to "neutralise" the thought of harm. This latter type of compulsive behaviour is particularly common in children with OCD.

Most people with OCD realise that such compulsive behaviour is irrational and makes no logical sense, but they cannot stop acting on their compulsion.

Other common compulsive behaviours in OCD include:

Some people with OCD may also have or develop other serious mental health problems, including:

(for further information regarding the above condition see other sections)

Self Help

There are many ways you can help yourself if you are suffering from OCD, the first thing you can do is learn about your condition, and also learn what anxiety does to you and your body. In order to break the vicious cycle of OCD we need to change the way that you think (and think about your thoughts) and change what you do. Easier said than done!!


Treatment for OCD depends on how much your condition is affecting your daily life. There are two main treatments for OCD:

Your GP or therapist may also prescribe medication to help control your symptoms by altering the balance of the chemicals in your brain. You may be given antidepressants regardless if you have depression or not as they have shown to work well with people who suffer from OCD


There is so much help available to help you overcome your OCD, all you have to do is to be prepared to take the help and work with it to change the habit you're stuck in.

A full recovery is possible but it will take time, lot of willpower and accept that you need to make changes to your way of thinking and behaviour. You may even relapse a few times but you must get right back to your recovery and not let if effect you too much as it can set you back and all your hard work may be lost.

NHS Choices - Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

The Symptoms

What Causes OCD

Self Help